Importance of MEP Services in Smart Cities

The government is continuously encouraging cities to transform themselves into ‘Smart Cities.’ This transformation can bolster economic growth as well as enhance the life of the people living in the city. Here comes the role of MEP; mechanical, electrical, and plumbing services in Smart Cities. MEP services contribute largely to transforming a city into a Smart City.

But what exactly is a Smart City? By definition, a smart city is a developed urban area which creates sustainable economic development and provides a high-quality lifestyle by improving in critical areas such as economy, environment, mobility, people, living, and government. Excelling in these crucial areas can be achieved through substantial human capital, social capital and ICT infrastructure.

The core infrastructure components of a Smart City include:

  • Adequate and continuous water supply
  • Constant electricity supply
  • Affordable housing, commercial infrastructure and high-rise buildings
  • Sanitation
  • Efficient urban mobility and public transport

The above-discussed elements are closely related to the MEP; mechanical, electrical, and plumbing services. In the MEP design service, the mechanical branch comprises three subdivisions, i.e. Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC).

The implementation of a smart city can be a tedious task for the government as it involves various complexities and requires a skilled workforce. The requirement of skilled human resources can be excellent job opportunities for students from different educational backgrounds like Engineers, Diploma holders, ITI, etc.

The skills expected from these individuals include knowledge in Mechanical (HVAC), Electrical and Civil domain. Proper planning, designing, drafting and executing, followed by correct maintenance, leads to active all-round development and transformation into a smart city.

One of the best things about MEP; mechanical, electrical, and plumbing services is that you can start on a small scale with just a laptop or desktop. One can become a real-time MEP Engineer by practicing and applying the concepts learnt in his mini or significant projects. Working on mini-projects will provide the individual with a platform to put his learnings to use. The scope of a typical mini project can be as follows:


Perform calculations for a multistoried building. Based on the output, the air distribution and hydronic system designs are represented by drawings and other software.


Estimation of electrical equipment like transformers, switch gears, cables, DG sets, and perform load calculations for multistoried buildings.


Estimating the number of pipes required in the multi commercial building, calculating the pipe sizes, pump heads, equipment sizing for the water supply system. It also includes estimation and calculations for management of rainwater, firefighting system and waste system.

The primary stages of doing an MEP project are:

  1. Choose a project.
  2. Perform the designing part.
  3. Do equipment sizing.
  4. Prepare the final project report.

The detailed steps of doing an MEP design service project are:

  1. Choose the multistoried building project.
  2. Prepare the design work in 3 ways, i.e. Manual, MS-Excel bases and using the software.
  3. Do the sizing of the equipment as per the required design output.
  4. Draft the design using AutoCAD Single Line diagram and then followed by a Double Line diagram.
  5. Prepare the Bill of Quantities (BOQ).
  6. Present the final project report and get approval.

To learn the fundamentals of the MEP design service, get the hang of the relevant software available. If possible, go for training, guidance and support under an experienced individual of this field. Apply for an internship under these expert individuals. Such internships give a piece of practical knowledge and on-field experience.

Practical hands-on experience in this field, with the right qualifications, makes an individual ideal candidate for a post of an MEP Design/Engineer or a Project Manager.


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